When the seven angels who had the seven plagues come out from the Temple of God, they receive from one of
the four living creatures a bowl of God's wrath (Rev 15:6-7), and it
appears that each plague is mixed with each corresponding bowl (Rev 21:9).
The fifth bowl / plague (Rev 16:10-11):
1. Poured on the throne of the beast, and the beast’s kingdom darkened and people were in
2. People blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and they did
not repent of their deeds.
3. As people blasphemed God because of their pains and their sores, it was reminiscent of the
Exodus, when the plagues hardened Pharaoh's heart so much so that he sought revenge
In light of the eagle's woe for "those who dwell on the earth" (Rev 8:13;
11:14), the bowl plagues represent the third, last woe, and the only
remaining judgments against those left on earth; they represent the "reaping" by the angel
The reaping figuratively speaks of gathering the "ripe" grapes and throwing them into the great
wine press of God's wrath "outside the city" (Rev 14:18-19), which is a
reference to the bowl judgments (Rev 16:1-21). This period of reaping
includes the angelic assistance of carrying out Jesus Christ's judgment at Armageddon, because it is Jesus who
treads upon the grapes in the great wine press of God's wrath (Rev 19:15-21).