Jesus' description of Himself:

The Amen, the faithful and true Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God (Rev 3:14).

Jesus' final description of Himself is one who is the sure and faithful testimony of the reality of God the Father and who was present at the beginning of Creation.

Background: Forty five miles southwest of Philadelphia was Laodicea. Located on the major trade route from Ephesus, the wealthy city was a financial banking center. Significant to the background of Laodicea was the existence of a six mile long aqueduct that brought water, which, as a consequence of transit, was always warm - neither hot nor cold upon arrival, and the presence of a renown medical school that produced a special ointment that cured certain eye problems.

Rebuke (praise is absent!):

I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot; I wish that you were cold or hot. So because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of My mouth. Because you say, "I am rich, and have become wealthy, and have need of nothing," and you do not know that you are wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked, I advise you to buy from Me gold refined by fire so that you may become rich, and white garments so that you may clothe yourself, and that the shame of your nakedness will not be revealed; and eye salve to anoint your eyes so that you may see. Those whom I love, I reprove and discipline; therefore be zealous and repent. Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if anyone hears My voice and opens the door, I will come in to him and will dine with him, and he with Me. (Rev 3:15-20)


Ignorant of their spiritual poverty and need for the Savior, the church of Laodicea was criticized for their compromising faith life (or lack of). The pursuit of wealth supplanted their pursuit of holiness, which Jesus Christ encouraged the church to correct. Speaking in their terms, Jesus Christ exhorts the church or Laodicea to repent and invest in Him ("buy from Me gold") and buy His ointment ("eye salve to anoint your eyes") and build heir lives upon the foundation of Christ (1 Cor 3:11-15). The church of Laodicea apparently had many members who thought were Believers but were in fact not.

Promise to Believers:

He who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne (Rev 3:21).

This is an exerpt from: Message to the Churches.