Approach: Learning about substitution and its basis for atonement.

Hermeneutic objective: Observing what the New Testament says about Jesus and His connection to the Old Testament sacrificial system.

Theological objective: The New Testament authors certainly understood the crucifixion of Christ within the context of the Old Testament sacrificial system. The sacrifice of an unblemished animal takes the place of the sinner, and its blood makes atonement for sin and transgression.

From God's perspective, Jesus Christ's substitution was a penal sacrifice and paid God's judicial price in full. Jesus Christ stood in the place of human beings, represented us and bore the total penalty of our sins.

From a human perspective, Jesus Christ's substitution conferred His Father's acceptance upon us. Jesus Christ's atonement brought us into God's favor and reconciled our relationship with Him. God's provision of His Son Jesus Christ, for the purpose of atoning for the sins of mankind, was personally for each and every individual Believer and a supreme demonstration of God's love. Jesus exchanged His life for each one Believer.