Approach: Focusing on John 19:30 to delve into what Jesus meant when He said, "it is finished."

Hermeneutic objective: With an introduction to Greek grammer, this Bible study tool provides a means to observe the differences in what Jesus accomplished in His life and by His death.

Theological objective: The student will grapple with these questions:

What is the perfect tense: the action that was completed in the past with results continuing in the present? What work did Jesus finish that day in which the results are still in effect today?

What is the indicative mood: the act that took place or condition that is an objective fact? What work did Jesus do that was historically true and real?

What is the passive voice: Jesus receiving or subjected to an action without responding or initiating a response? What work did Jesus do in the passive sense?