Author's Bias | Interpretation: conservative
Inclination: promise | Seminary: none

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The Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
Integrating the Accounts of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John


In instances where the Bible records several accounts of an event, carefully combining the accounts may help you observe all of the pertinent details and gain a more complete understanding of the event.

See a related integration of the gospel accounts: Thd Resurrection of Jesus Christ.


Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour And he said to the Jews, "Behold, your King!" (1) Pilate said to them, "Then what shall I do with Jesus who is called Christ, King of the Jews?" They all said, "Crucify Him!" (2) So they cried out, "Away with Him, away with Him, crucify Him!" Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?" The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar." (3) Pilate, wanting to release Jesus, addressed them again, (4) but they kept on calling out, saying, "Crucify, crucify Him!" (5) And he said to them the third time, "Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt demanding death; therefore I will punish Him and release Him." (6) But they kept shouting all the more, saying, "Crucify Him!" (7)

But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail. (8) When Pilate saw that he was accomplishing nothing, but rather that a riot was starting, he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, "I am innocent of this Man's blood; see to that yourselves." And all the people said, "His blood shall be on us and on our children!" (9) And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted. (10) Wishing to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas for them, who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered Jesus after having Jesus scourged, he handed Him over to be crucified. (11)

Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the palace, the Praetorium, and gathered the whole Roman cohort around Him. (12) They stripped Him and put a scarlet purple robe on Him. (13) And after twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and a reed in His right hand (14); and they knelt down before Him and mocked Him, saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" (15) They kept beating His head with a reed, and spitting on Him, and kneeling and bowing before Him. (16) After they had mocked Him, they took the scarlet purple robe off Him and put His own garments back on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him. (17)

They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, bearing His own cross. (18) As they were coming out, they seized a man, Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus) coming in from the country, whom they pressed into service to bear His cross to carry behind Jesus. (19)

And following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were mourning and lamenting Him. But Jesus turning to them said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. For behold, the days are coming when they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.' Then they will begin TO SAY TO THE MOUNTAINS, 'FALL ON US,' AND TO THE HILLS, 'COVER US.' For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?" (20)

Two others also, who were criminals, were being led away to be put to death with Him. (21) And when they came to a place called in Hebrew Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull (22.), they gave Him wine to drink mixed with myrrh (gall); and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink. (23) It was the third hour when they crucified Him. (24)

There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. (25) [And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, "And He was numbered with transgressors."] (26)

But Jesus was saying, "Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing" (27)

Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His outer garments and made four parts, a part to every soldier and also the tunic; now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece. So they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be"; this was to fulfill the Scripture: "THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM, AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS." (28)

And the people stood by, looking on. And even the rulers were sneering at Him, saying, "He saved others; let Him save Himself if this is the Christ of God, His Chosen One." The soldiers also mocked Him, coming up to Him, offering Him sour wine, and saying, "If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!" (29)

Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, "JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS." Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written in Hebrew, Latin and in Greek. So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, "Do not write, 'The King of the Jews'; but that He said, 'I am King of the Jews.'" Pilate answered, "What I have written I have written." (30) And sitting down, they began to keep watch over Him there. And above His head they put up the charge against Him which read, "THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS." (31)

One of the criminals who were hanged there was hurling abuse at Him, saying, "Are You not the Christ? Save Yourself and us!" But the other answered, and rebuking him said, "Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? "And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving what we deserve for our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong." And he was saying, "Jesus, remember me when You come in Your kingdom!" And He said to him, "Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in Paradise." (32)

Those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, and saying, "Ha! You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself, and come down from the cross!" In the same way the chief priests also, along with the scribes, were mocking Him among themselves and saying, "He saved others; He cannot save Himself. "Let this Christ, the King of Israel, now come down from the cross, so that we may see and believe!" Those who were crucified with Him were also insulting Him. (33) "HE TRUSTS IN GOD; LET GOD RESCUE Him now, IF HE DELIGHTS IN HIM; for He said, 'I am the Son of God.'" The robbers who had been crucified with Him were also insulting Him with the same words. (34)

Therefore the soldiers did these things. But standing by the cross of Jesus were His mother, and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. When Jesus then saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He said to His mother, "Woman, behold, your son!" Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" From that hour the disciple took her into his own household. After this, Jesus, knowing that all things had already been accomplished, to fulfill the Scripture, said, "I am thirsty." A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. (35)

It was now about the sixth hour, and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour because the sun was obscured. (36) About the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, "ELI, ELI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?" that is, "MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?" And some of those who were standing there, when they heard it, began saying, "This man is calling for Elijah." Immediately one of them ran, and taking a sponge, he filled it with sour wine and put it on a reed, and gave Him a drink. But the rest of them said, "Let us see whether Elijah will come to save Him and take Him down." (37) Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, "It is finished!" (38)

And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, "Father, INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT." Having said this, He bowed His head, breathed His last and yielded up His spirit. (39)

And behold, the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom; and the earth shook and the rocks were split. (40) When the centurion, who was standing right in front of Him, saw the way He breathed His last, he said, "Truly this man was the Son of God!" (41) The tombs were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the tombs after His resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many. Now the centurion, and those who were with him keeping guard over Jesus, when they saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, became very frightened and said, "Truly this was the Son of God!" (42) And he began praising God, saying, "Certainly this man was innocent." (43)

And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, began to return, beating their breasts. (44) And all His acquaintances and the women who accompanied Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, seeing these things (45), among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the Less and Joses, and Salome. (46) When He was in Galilee, they used to follow Him and minister to Him; and there were many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem. (47)

Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was crucified with Him; but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out. And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. For these things came to pass to fulfill the Scripture, "NOT A BONE OF HIM SHALL BE BROKEN." And again another Scripture says, "THEY SHALL LOOK ON HIM WHOM THEY PIERCED." (48)

When evening had already come, because it was the preparation day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, (49) a rich man named Joseph, who was a prominent member of the Council, a good and righteous man (he had not consented to their plan and action), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was waiting for the kingdom of God (50), being a disciple of Jesus, but a secret one for fear of the Jews, gathered up courage and asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus. (51) Pilate wondered if He was dead by this time, and summoning the centurion, he questioned him as to whether He was already dead. And ascertaining this from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. So he came and took away His body. (52)

And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, which he had hewn out in the rock, and he rolled a large stone against the entrance of the tomb and went away (53); in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. (54) And he rolled a large stone against the entrance of the tomb and went away (55). Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses were looking on to see where He was laid. (56)

Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about ahundred pounds weight. (57) Now the women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid. (58) And Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the grave. (59) Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment. (60) So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. Therefore because of the Jewish day of preparation, since the tomb was nearby, they laid Jesus there. (61)

Now on the next day, the day after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, and said, "Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, 'After three days I am to rise again.' "Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, 'He has risen from the dead,' and the last deception will be worse than the first." Pilate said to them, "You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how." And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone. (62)


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