God's Covenant with David (2 Sam 7:8-17; 1 Chron 17:8-15)

1. Take a look at these verses about David and Jesus Christ. What do you observe?

David Jesus Christ

But Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly! You have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for the Lord would now have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But now your kingdom shall not endure. The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the Lord has appointed him ruler over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you." (1 Sam 17:13-14, NASB)

For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. (John 6:38, NASB)

Then they asked for a king, and God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years. After He had removed him, He raised up David to be their king, concerning whom He also testified and said, 'I have found David, the son of Jesse, a man after My heart, who will do all My will.' From the descendants of this man, according to promise, God has brought to Israel a Savior, Jesus, (Acts 13:21-23, NASB)

For I did not speak on My own, but the Father Himself who sent Me has given Me a commandment as to what to say and what to speak. And I know that His commandment is eternal life; therefore the things I speak, I speak just as the Father has told Me. (John 12:49-50, NASB)

2. The covenant promises to David are found in two locations (2 Sam 7:8-17; 1 Chron 17:8-15). Underline and make a list of God's "I will…" to observe the covenant stipulations He made with David.

8) Now then, this is what you shall say to My servant David: 'This is what the Lord of armies says: "I Myself took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, to be leader over My people Israel. 9) And I have been with you wherever you have gone, and have eliminated all your enemies from you; I will also make a great name for you, like the names of the great men who are on the earth. 10) And I will establish a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, so that they may live in their own place and not be disturbed again, nor will malicious people oppress them anymore as previously, 11) even from the day that I appointed judges over My people Israel; and I will give you rest from all your enemies. The Lord also declares to you that the Lord will make a house for you. 12) When your days are finished and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come from you, and I will establish his kingdom. 13) He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. 14) I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he does wrong, I will discipline him with a rod of men and with strokes of sons of mankind, 15) but My favor shall not depart from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from you. 16) Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever."'" 17) In accordance with all these words and all of this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. (2 Sam 7:8-17, NASB)

8) I have been with you wherever you have gone, and have eliminated all your enemies from you; and I will make for you a name like the name of the great ones who are on the earth. 9) And I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them there, so that they may live in their own place and not tremble with anxiety again; and the wicked will not make them waste away anymore as they did previously, 10) even from the day that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel. And I will subdue all your enemies. Moreover, I tell you that the Lord will build a house for you. 11) When your days are fulfilled that you must go to be with your fathers, then I will set up one of your descendants after you, who will be from your sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 12) He shall build for Me a house, and I will establish his throne forever. 13) I will be his father and he shall be My son; and I will not take My favor away from him, as I took it from him who was before you. 14) But I will settle him in My house and in My kingdom forever, and his throne will be established forever."'" 15) According to all these words and according to all of this vision, so Nathan spoke to David. (1 Chron 17:8-15, NASB)

3. Is this Davidic Covenant conditional or unconditional? How is this related to the Abrahamic Covenant seen below?

I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make nations of you, and kings will come from you. I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your descendants after you throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant, to be God to you and to your descendants after you. (Gen 17:6-7, NASB)

"As for you, Judah, your brothers shall praise you;
Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
Your father's sons shall bow down to you.
Judah is a lion's cub;
From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
He crouches, he lies down as a lion,
And as a lion, who dares to stir him up?
The scepter will not depart from Judah,
Nor the ruler's staff from between his feet,
Until Shiloh comes,
And to him shall be the obedience of the peoples." (Gen 49:8-10, NASB)

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