The Bible is a historical record of God's interaction with human beings - in particular His promises to Abraham and how He will fulfill
them. Through this account, we see many examples of how people live, which help us understand God and His plan for each one of us regardless
of whether one has faith in His Son Jesus or not. Take for example the following account when the apostle Peter healed a crippled man at the
Beautiful Gate entrance of the Temple:
But when Peter saw this, he replied to the people, "Men of Israel, why do you marvel at this, or why do you gaze at
us, as if by our own power or piety we had made him walk? The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified His
Servant Jesus, whom you delivered and denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release Him. But you denied the Holy and
Righteous One and asked for a murderer to be granted to you, but put to death the Author of life, whom God raised from the dead, a fact to
which we are witnesses. And on the basis of faith in His name, it is the name of Jesus which has strengthened this man whom you see and know;
and the faith which is through Him has given him this perfect health in the presence of you all. "And now, brothers, I know that you acted in
ignorance, just as your rulers did also. But the things which God announced beforehand by the mouth of all the prophets, that His Christ would
suffer, He has thus fulfilled. (Acts 3:12-18, LSB)
1. Observe what Peter is saying to these non-Believers. How do you know he is addressing Jews? With careful reading, you can usually
discover the context of a passage, which in this case is recorded in three previous locations: Matthew 27:15-26; Mark 15:5-15; and Luke
But Jesus made no further answer; so Pilate marveled. Now at the feast he used to release for them any one prisoner
whom they requested. And the man named Barabbas had been imprisoned with the insurrectionists who had committed murder in the insurrection.
And the crowd went up and began asking him to do as he had been accustomed to do for them. And Pilate answered them, saying, "Do you want me
to release for you the King of the Jews?" For he was aware that the chief priests had delivered Him over because of envy. But the chief
priests stirred up the crowd to ask him to release Barabbas for them instead. And answering again, Pilate was saying to them, "Then what shall
I do with Him whom you call the King of the Jews?" And they shouted again, "Crucify Him!" But Pilate was saying to them, "Why? What evil did
He do?" But they shouted all the more, "Crucify Him!" And wishing to satisfy the crowd, Pilate released Barabbas for them, and after having
Jesus scourged, he delivered Him over to be crucified. (Mark 15:5-15, LSB; Matt 27:15-26; Luke 23:13-25)
What role did this crowd play in God's plan? What does the data show?
2. As Peter confronts the Jews at the Temple, what do we know about Peter's faith around the same time? What do you observe about his
At the time of Jesus' arrest:
And Jesus said to him, "Friend, do what you have come for." Then they came and laid hands on Jesus and seized Him.
And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew out his sword and struck the slave of the high priest and cut
off his ear. Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back into its place; for all those who take up the sword shall perish by the sword. Or
do you think that I cannot appeal to My Father, and He will at once put at My disposal more than twelve legions of angels? Therefore, how
will the Scriptures be fulfilled, which say that it must happen this way?" At that time Jesus said to the crowds, "Have you come out with
swords and clubs to arrest Me as you would against a robber? Every day I used to sit in the temple teaching and you did not seize Me. But all
this has taken place in order that the Scriptures of the prophets would be fulfilled." Then all the disciples left Him and fled. (Matt 26:50-56,
LSB; also Mark 14:45-50)
At the start of Jesus' trial by Jewish religious authorities:
And as Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant-girls of the high priest came, and seeing Peter warming
himself, she looked at him and said, "You also were with the Nazarene, Jesus." But he denied it, saying, "I neither know nor understand what
you are talking about." And he went out into the entryway. And when the servant-girl saw him, she began once more to say to the bystanders,
"This is one of them!" But again he was denying it. And after a little while the bystanders were again saying to Peter, "Surely you are one
of them, for you are also a Galilean." But he began to curse and swear, "I do not know this man you are talking about!" And immediately a
rooster crowed a second time. And Peter remembered how Jesus had said the statement to him, "Before a rooster crows twice, you will deny Me
three times." And throwing himself down, he began to cry. (Mark 14:66-72, LSB; also Matt 26:69-75; Luke 22:55-62; John 18:25-27)
What was Peter's faith like before and after Jesus' resurrection? What role did Peter play in God's plan?
3. Did Jesus have a role in His death and crucifixion? Asking questions of the text causes you to be more attentive to details.
Way before Jesus' arrest, in response to Peter identifying Jesus as the Christ, Jesus warns not to share that detail and
prepares Peter for what is coming.
saying, "The Son of Man must suffer many things and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be
killed and be raised up on the third day." (Luke 9:22, LSB)
When leaving for Gethsemane, why bring swords?
And they said, "Lord, look, here are two swords." And He said to them, "It is enough." (Luke 22:38, LSB)
Jesus never identified Himself as the Son of God or the Christ. Jesus prevented demons from identifying Him as the Christ
(Luke 4:41) and warned the disciples not to tell anyone He was the Christ (Matt 16:16-20; Mark 8:29-30; Luke 9:20-21). But not so during
the trial by Jewish religious authorities – why?
And the high priest stood up and said to Him, "Do You not answer? What are these men testifying against You?" But
Jesus kept silent. And the high priest said to Him, "I put You under oath by the living God, that You tell us whether You are the Christ, the
Son of God." Jesus said to him, "You yourself said it; nevertheless I tell you, hereafter you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right
hand of Power and coming on the clouds of heaven." Then the high priest tore his garments and said, "He has blasphemed! What further need do
we have of witnesses? Behold, you have now heard the blasphemy; what do you think?" They answered and said, "He deserves death!" (Matt 26:62-66,
"If You are the Christ, tell us." But He said to them, "If I tell you, you will not believe, and if I ask a question,
you will not answer. But from now on the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the power of God." And they all said, "Are You the Son
of God, then?" And He said to them, "You yourselves say that I am." (Luke 22:67-70, LSB)
What was Jesus' role in God's plan?
4. What exactly is God's plan for each of us? Carefully consider John 6:28-29 in light of the above questions. To expand on your thoughts of
God, consider Acts 4:27-28. Share what you have seen and learned. How does this apply to your life?
Therefore they said to Him, "What should we do, so that we may work the works of God?" Jesus answered and said to
them, "This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He has sent." (John 6:28-29, LSB)
For truly in this city there were gathered together against Your holy Servant Jesus, whom You anointed, both Herod and
Pontius Pilate, along with the Gentiles and the peoples of Israel, to do whatever Your hand and Your purpose predestined to occur. (Acts 4:27-28,