1. Who did God make the covenant with, and where and when was it made in comparison to the Mosaic Covenant?
These are the terms of the covenant the Lord commanded Moses to make with the Israelites in Moab, in addition to the covenant he
had made with them at Horeb. (Deut 29:1, NIV)
Carefully follow the terms of this covenant, so that you may prosper in everything you do. All of you are standing today in the
presence of the Lord your God—your leaders and chief men, your elders and officials, and all the other men of Israel, together with your children and your
wives, and the foreigners living in your camps who chop your wood and carry your water. You are standing here in order to enter into a covenant with the Lord
your God, a covenant the Lord is making with you this day and sealing with an oath, to confirm you this day as his people, that he may be your God as he
promised you and as he swore to your fathers, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I am making this covenant, with its oath, not only with you who are standing here with
us today in the presence of the Lord our God but also with those who are not here today. (Deut 29:9-15, NIV)
2. The Greek title "Deuteronomy" is a translation of two Hebrew words for "Copy of the Law." Search the word "land" in a concordance. Which book of the
Pentateuch used the word "land" the most?
See, I have taught you decrees and laws as the Lord my God commanded me, so that you may follow them in the land you are entering
to take possession of it. Observe them carefully, for this will show your wisdom and understanding to the nations, who will hear about all these decrees and
say, "Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people." What other nation is so great as to have their gods near them the way the Lord our God is
near us whenever we pray to him? And what other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws as this body of laws I am setting before you
today? (Deut 4:5-8, NIV)
3. What are the differences you observe between the Land Covenant and the Mosaic Covenant? Discuss your observations and conclusions.
Then the Lord said to Moses, "Leave this place, you and the people you brought up out of Egypt, and go up to the land I promised on
oath to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, saying, 'I will give it to your descendants.' I will send an angel before you and drive out the Canaanites, Amorites,
Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. Go up to the land flowing with milk and honey. But I will not go with you, because you are a stiff-necked people
and I might destroy you on the way." (Ex 33:1-3, NIV)
Now, Israel, hear the decrees and laws I am about to teach you. Follow them so that you may live and may go in and take possession
of the land the Lord, the God of your ancestors, is giving you. Do not add to what I command you and do not subtract from it, but keep the commands of the
Lord your God that I give you. (Deut 4:1-2, NIV)
Disobedience, not only results in God's curses (Deut 28:15-63), but culminates in:
Then the Lord will scatter you among all nations, from one end of the earth to the other. There you will worship other gods—gods of
wood and stone, which neither you nor your ancestors have known. Among those nations you will find no repose, no resting place for the sole of your foot.
There the Lord will give you an anxious mind, eyes weary with longing, and a despairing heart. You will live in constant suspense, filled with dread both
night and day, never sure of your life. In the morning you will say, "If only it were evening!" and in the evening, "If only it were morning!"—because of the
terror that will fill your hearts and the sights that your eyes will see. The Lord will send you back in ships to Egypt on a journey I said you should never
make again. There you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but no one will buy you. (Deut 28:64-68, NIV)
All the nations will ask: "Why has the Lord done this to this land? Why this fierce, burning anger?" And the answer will be: "It is
because this people abandoned the covenant of the Lord, the God of their ancestors, the covenant he made with them when he brought them out of Egypt. They
went off and worshiped other gods and bowed down to them, gods they did not know, gods he had not given them. Therefore the Lord's anger burned against this
land, so that he brought on it all the curses written in this book. In furious anger and in great wrath the Lord uprooted them from their land and thrust them
into another land, as it is now." (Deut 29:24-28, NIV)
The promise of blessing when you obey with all your heart and all your soul:
When all these blessings and curses I have set before you come on you and you take them to heart wherever the Lord your God
disperses you among the nations, and when you and your children return to the Lord your God and obey him with all your heart and with all your soul according
to everything I command you today, then the Lord your God will restore your fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the nations
where he scattered you. Even if you have been banished to the most distant land under the heavens, from there the Lord your God will gather you and bring you
back. He will bring you to the land that belonged to your ancestors, and you will take possession of it. He will make you more prosperous and numerous than
your ancestors. The Lord your God will circumcise your hearts and the hearts of your descendants, so that you may love him with all your heart and with all
your soul, and live. (Deut 30:1-6, NIV)
4. Circumcision is first introduced as a sign of the covenant between God and Abraham and his descendants (Gen 17:9-13). The Land Covenant introduces
circumcision of the heart as a promise of blessing for those who obey and their descendants (Deut 30:6). What is this circumcision of the heart of the Believer
and his descendants? What do you observe in these verses about the New Covenant?
"As for me, this is my covenant with them," says the Lord. "My Spirit, who is on you, will not depart from you, and my words that
I have put in your mouth will always be on your lips, on the lips of your children and on the lips of their descendants—from this time on and forever," says
the Lord. (Isa 59:21, NIV)
"This is the covenant I will make with the people of Israel
after that time," declares the Lord.
I will put my law in their minds
and write it on their hearts.
I will be their God,
and they will be my people." (Jer 31:33, NIV)