1. As you read Ezekiel's prophecy, why did God make the New Covenant? What verb do you see repeated? Find its definition in Bible dictionary – for
example, search online "studylight dictionary profane."
"Son of man, when the house of Israel lived in their own land, they defiled it by their ways and their deeds. Their ways before me
were like the uncleanness of a woman in her menstrual impurity. So I poured out my wrath upon them for the blood that they had shed in the land, for the
idols with which they had defiled it. I scattered them among the nations, and they were dispersed through the countries. In accordance with their ways and
their deeds I judged them. But when they came to the nations, wherever they came, they profaned my holy name, in that people said of them, 'These are the
people of the Lord, and yet they had to go out of his land.' But I had concern for my holy name, which the house of Israel had profaned among the nations to
which they came.
"Therefore say to the house of Israel, Thus says the Lord God: It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am about to act,
but for the sake of my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations to which you came. And I will vindicate the holiness of my great name, which has
been profaned among the nations, and which you have profaned among them. And the nations will know that I am the Lord, declares the Lord God, when through
you I vindicate my holiness before their eyes. (Ezek 36: 17-23, ESV)
2. The provisions of the New Covenant is found in several places (Isa 59:21; 61:8-9; Jer 31:31-34; 32:40-41; Ezek 34:25-31, 36:25-28; 37:26-28). While
the verses may appear scattered, you can easily find this by looking up in a concordance the word "covenant." Make a list of the provisions you observe.
"And as for me, this is my covenant with them," says the Lord: "My Spirit that is upon you, and my words that I have put in your
mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth, or out of the mouth of your offspring, or out of the mouth of your children's offspring," says the Lord, "from
this time forth and forevermore." (Isa 59:21, ESV)
For I the Lord love justice;
I hate robbery and wrong;
I will faithfully give them their
and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.
Their offspring shall be known among the nations,
and their descendants in the midst of the peoples;
all who see them shall acknowledge them,
that they are an offspring the Lord has blessed. (Isa 61:8-9, ESV)
"Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and the house of Judah,
not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, my covenant that they
broke, though I was their husband, declares the Lord. For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord:
I will put my law within them, and I will write it on their hearts. And I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And no longer shall each one teach
his neighbor and each his brother, saying, 'Know the Lord,' for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. For I will
forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more." (Jer 31:31-34, ESV)
I will make with them an everlasting covenant, that I will not turn away from doing good to them. And I will put the fear of me in
their hearts, that they may not turn from me. I will rejoice in doing them good, and I will plant them in this land in faithfulness, with all my heart and all
my soul. (Jer 32:40-41, ESV)
"I will make with them a covenant of peace and banish wild beasts from the land, so that they may dwell securely in the wilderness
and sleep in the woods. And I will make them and the places all around my hill a blessing, and I will send down the showers in their season; they shall be
showers of blessing. And the trees of the field shall yield their fruit, and the earth shall yield its increase, and they shall be secure in their land. And
they shall know that I am the Lord, when I break the bars of their yoke, and deliver them from the hand of those who enslaved them. They shall no more be a
prey to the nations, nor shall the beasts of the land devour them. They shall dwell securely, and none shall make them afraid. And I will provide for them
renowned plantations so that they shall no more be consumed with hunger in the land, and no longer suffer the reproach of the nations. And they shall know
that I am the Lord their God with them, and that they, the house of Israel, are my people, declares the Lord God. And you are my sheep, human sheep of my
pasture, and I am your God, declares the Lord God." (Ezek 34:25-31, ESV)
I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean from all your uncleannesses, and from all your idols I will cleanse you.
And I will give you a new heart, and a new spirit I will put within you. And I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh.
And I will put my Spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes and be careful to obey my rules. You shall dwell in the land that I gave to your
fathers, and you shall be my people, and I will be your God. (Ezek 36:25-28, ESV)
I will make a covenant of peace with them. It shall be an everlasting covenant with them. And I will set them in their land and
multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in their midst forevermore. My dwelling place shall be with them, and I will be their God, and they shall be my
people. Then the nations will know that I am the Lord who sanctifies Israel, when my sanctuary is in their midst forevermore." (Ezek 37:26-28, ESV)
3. How is the New Covenant related to the Abrahamic Covenant? How is the New Covenant related to Jesus Christ? What is the significance of the New
Now the Lord said to Abram, "Go from your country and your kindred and your father's house to the land that I will show you. And
I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you and make your name great, so that you will be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and him
who dishonors you I will curse, and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed." (Gen 12:1-3, ESV)
And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body, which is given for you.
Do this in remembrance of me." And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, "This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.
(Luke 20:19-20, ESV)