It is God Himself who defines what His glory is; it is all of His goodness, which is a part of but distinct from His physical person.
Moses said, "Please show me your glory." And he said, "I will make all my goodness pass before you and will
proclaim before you my name 'The Lord.' And I will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will show mercy on whom I will show mercy. But,"
he said, "you cannot see my face, for man shall not see me and live." And the Lord said, "Behold, there is a place by me where you shall
stand on the rock, and while my glory passes by I will put you in a cleft of the rock, and I will cover you with my hand until I have passed
by. Then I will take away my hand, and you shall see my back, but my face shall not be seen." (Ex 33:18-23, ESV)
The above definition encompasses God's divine nature with a focus on His absolute moral standard (gracious / mercy on whom He whom He
desires) – God's all encompassing goodness. When God passes before Moses in Exodus 33:18-23, these qualities are somehow visibly seen!! But
it is also so pure that a human being would perish if one saw God's entire glory!
1. Consider today's contemporary definition of "glory." What do you observe here? Is Jesus using the word "glory" in the sense of today's
meaning? Discuss your observations!
Jesus answered, "If I glorify myself, my glory is nothing. It is my Father who glorifies me, of
whom you say, 'He is our God.' (John 8:54, ESV)
When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify
your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have
given him. And this is eternal life, that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. I glorified you on
earth, having accomplished the work that you gave me to do. And now, Father, glorify me in your own presence with the glory that
I had with you before the world existed. (John 17:1-5, ESV)
2. What do you observe about the glory of Jesus Christ? What do you see in the records of the disciples?
Then the Lord said, "I have pardoned, according to your word. But truly, as I live, and as all the earth shall be
filled with the glory of the Lord, none of the men who have seen my glory and my signs that I did in Egypt and in the wilderness,
and yet have put me to the test these ten times and have not obeyed my voice, shall see the land that I swore to give to their fathers. And
none of those who despised me shall see it. (Num 14:20-23, ESV)
And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son
from the Father, full of grace and truth. (John 1:14, ESV)
This, the first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana in Galilee, and manifested his glory. And his disciples
believed in him. (John 2:11, ESV)
Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets, but in these last days he has
spoken to us by his Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. He is the radiance of the glory
of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the word of his power. After making purification for sins, he
sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high, (Heb 1:1-3, ESV)
3. When Jesus speaks of glory at the Last Supper, what do you observe? Do you observe a sequence of events when God glorifies His Son? What
is it? Is Jesus glorified at birth?
When he had gone out, Jesus said, "Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in him. If
God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once. (John 13:31-32, ESV)
4. When you read the ending of human history, what do you observe? How does this affect your understanding of glory? How does this
distinction separate the Word of God from the common and everyday?
And he said to them, "O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! Was it not
necessary that the Christ should suffer these things and enter into his glory?" And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he
interpreted to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself. (Luke 24:25-27, ESV)
For the Son of Man is going to come with his angels in the glory of his Father, and then he will repay each
person according to what he has done. (Matt 16:27, ESV)
And I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb. And the city has no need
of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. (Rev 21:22-23)