What is temptation?

The word "temptation" is translated from the Greek noun "peira." It is noteworthy that when using the verb "tempt," the Septuagint and the New Testament often use the Greek verb "peirazō," which is in the intensive word form that is rarely found in extrabiblical and contemporaneous Greek texts. This intensive form places an emphasis on the tempter's effort in tempting / testing and conveys a sense of strong, forceful, and concentrated action.

For example, Satan tempts Jesus with food, personal safety, and wealth / dominion (Matt 4:3-9):

And after He had fasted forty days and forty nights, He then became hungry. And the tempter (peirazō) came and said to Him, "If You are the Son of God, command that these stones become bread." (Matt 4:2-3, NASB)

1. What is temptation?

But each one is tempted when he is carried away and enticed by his own lust. Then when lust has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and when sin is accomplished, it brings forth death. (Jam 1:14-15, NASB)

2. Based on your observations, what makes money the root of all sorts of evil? Is money itself evil?

But those who want to get rich fall into temptation and a trap, and many foolish and harmful desires which plunge people into ruin and destruction. For the love of money is a root of all sorts of evil, and some by longing for it have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many griefs. (1 Tim 6:9-10, NASB)

3. Carefully observe these passages. How can you be like Jesus and not be tempted or do not succumb to temptation?

And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what the will of God is, that which is good and acceptable and perfect. (Rom 12:2, NASB)

if indeed you have heard Him and have been taught in Him, just as truth is in Jesus, that, in reference to your former way of life, you are to rid yourselves of the old self, which is being corrupted in accordance with the lusts of deceit, and that you are to be renewed in the spirit of your minds, and to put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth. (Eph 4:21-24, NASB)

But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you will not carry out the desire of the flesh. (Gal 5:16, NASB)

4. When God tempts, what is He testing? How is this different from Satan's temptations?

Now it came about after these things, that God tested Abraham, and said to him, "Abraham!" And he said, "Here I am." He said, "Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of Moriah, and offer him there as a burnt offering on one of the mountains of which I will tell you." (Gen 22:1-2, NASB)

Be diligent to present yourself approved to God as a workman who does not need to be ashamed, accurately handling the word of truth. (2 Tim 2:15, NASB)

If you do not have a good understanding about sin, then you will not understand temptation and its dangers.


1. Temptation

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