Sin is Guilt

1. Take a moment to look up what the word "guilt" means in a dictionary. The concept of guilt is developed in the very beginning of human history with the very first sin committed by man. What do you observe that helps you understand what guilt means?

Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God as he was walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and they hid from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. But the Lord God called to the man, "Where are you?"
He answered, "I heard you in the garden, and I was afraid because I was naked; so I hid."
And he said, "Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?" (Gen 3:8-11, NIV)

2. The Bible uses several Hebrew words for the English translation of sin. For example in Isaiah 53:10, a word was translated as "sin" in the NIV whereas NASB translators used "guilt." What do you observe about God's view of sin in this Messianic prophecy?

New International Version New American Standard Bible

Yet it was the Lord's will to crush him and cause him to suffer,
and though the Lord makes his life an offering for sin,
he will see his offspring and prolong his days,
and the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand. (Isa 52:10, NIV)

But the Lord desired
To crush Him, causing Him grief;
If He renders Himself as a guilt offering,
He will see His offspring,
He will prolong His days, (Isa 53:10, NASB)

3. Carefully observe a part of Jesus' Sermon on the Mount. Do you see a pattern? Make a chart to aid your observation.

"You have heard that the ancients were told, 'You shall not murder,' and 'Whoever commits murder shall be answerable to the court.' But I say to you that everyone who is angry with his brother shall be answerable to the court; and whoever says to his brother, 'You good-for-nothing,' shall be answerable to the supreme court; and whoever says, 'You fool,' shall be guilty enough to go into the fiery hell. (Matt 5:21-22, NASB)

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