These Bible study lessons are designed to complement the myriad of study guides and plans
available today. Through them, we hope to introduce sound study methodology, build a strong foundation of knowledge from which you can
build and integrate a more coherent and comprehensive understanding of God's word and theology.
Through the Mosaic Covenant, God prescribed a certain judicial process for the atonement of sin so that His wrath of judgment can be
satisfied (expiation and propitiation). While the Mosaic Covenant was broken by the infidelity of its human covenant keepers, God
provides the New Covenant "for the sake of My name, that it should not be profaned in the sight of the nations"
(Ezek 20:14), which, revealed later, is through a mediator that God Himself provides.
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1. The Day of Atonement is the day for making payment for the sins of the whole nation of Israel. Observe the role of the High Priest,
the Mercy Seat, and the sacrifice in God's prescribed method of atonement (Lev 16:1-2, 11-17).
Through His Messianic prophecies, God makes an association in the context of atonement (Isa 53:5-12);
what key observations can be made? How does the Holy Spirit inspire the New Testament authors so that people will understand this context
of Jesus Christ's death (Mark 10:45; Rom 8:2-4;
Heb 9:1-15; 1 John 2:1-2)?
2. The annual celebration of the Lord's Passover (Ex 12:5-13) is to memorialize the
event in which the Lord's judgment passed over those who had anointed the doorways of their homes with the blood of an unblemished lamb.
Note the difference in the sacrifice used for the Day of Atonement. How does the Holy Spirit inspire the New Testament authors so that
people will understand this context of Jesus Christ's death (John 1:29;
19:14-18; Rom 3:23-25;
1 Cor 5:7)?
4. Consider why God made the New Covenant and the consequence of providing His Son (John 13:31;
15:7-10; 17:1-5). What are the
implications to the Believer?
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