These Bible study lessons are designed to complement the myriad of study guides and plans
available today. Through them, we hope to introduce sound study methodology, build a strong foundation of knowledge from which you can
build and integrate a more coherent and comprehensive understanding of God's word and theology.
430 years after making His covenant with Abraham, God makes a covenant with the nation of Israel and establishes the Law
(Gal 3:16-17); this is around 1450 B.C. Because the nation of Israel feared the voice
of God, they asked Moses to intercede; hence, the covenant became known as the Mosaic Covenant, and they committed to being obedient to
God's commandments before they were informed of its stipulations!
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2. Carefully examine Exodus 19:3-6 and Deuteronomy 1:34-36.
Is the Mosaic Covenant part of the Abrahamic Covenant? In other words, how are they related or different? What is required for a kingdom
and a nation?
3. God speaks of the Decalogue directly to the nation of Israel (Ex 20:1-17) before
they ask Moses to intercede; God speaks through Moses to elaborate on the 10 commandments in Exodus, Leviticus and Deuteronomy with 613
commands and prohibitions. What else did God stipulate in objects (Ex 20:24-26;
25:8-10) and practices (Lev 16:15-19, 34;
17:11; Lev 23:5-8
[Ex 12:1-13, 42-51]). What is their significance?
5. What is the Day of Atonement? Here is an instance one can ask these observation questions: who, what, when, where and why
(Lev 16:15-19, 34; 17:11)? Note
carefully, without knowledge of the Law, we would not know of this and understand its significance later…
6. Can you discern what God intended behind the repetition of substitutionary sacrificing of animals for atonement? Some possibilities
(Rom 7:7; Lev 20:26).
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