Following his theological principle that Christ is the authority over man and man is the authority
over woman in verse 3, Paul exhorts that no man should have a head covering while a woman should while
praying or prophesizing in the assembly or meeting of the church. Notice how Paul uses the contrast "but"
in his argument in verses 5 and 6.
In verse 7, a second reason why women should not discard their adornment and cultural symbol of submission
emerges. Paul makes another contrast: man is the image and glory of God, and woman is the glory of man. While
a reference to Genesis 1:26-28 is made, Paul further explains
how a woman is the glory of man with a reference to Genesis 2:18-24.
Recall that God wanted to make a helper for Adam, and He made the "beasts of the field and birds of the
sky", yet no "suitable helper" could be found. In His wisdom, woman was specifically made from man and
intended to be his companion and helper in the tasks of God. It is because of man that woman was created;
this divine distinction in Creation is why women should honor men.
In the context of verse 7, the "disgrace" mentioned in verses 4 and 5 presents the possibility of having
a double meaning.
In the literal sense, the phrase "disgraces his / her head" is about one’s physical head
and thus refers to "bringing shame to oneself."
In the metaphorical sense, in the context of the glory of God and man and "head" of verse
3 metaphorically meaning "authority", the phrase "disgraces his / her head" could also mean to "dishonor
Christ" and "dishonor man."
Both the literal (plain-literal) and metaphorical (figurative-literal) meanings, verses
3-7 accord well and follow the logic in Paul’s arguments.
A similar concept is exemplified in Proverbs 17:25,
"A foolish son is a grief to his father,
And bitterness to her who bore him."
By not wearing her head covering, a woman was disgracing herself. It was akin to shaving her head and
looking like a man. This symbolized an independence and rebellion against God’s intended relationship between
a man and woman, and thus, disgraced the man.