1. Is the Holy Spirit like the spirit of a human being or like a spirit like an angel? Consult
John 14:16 and provide supporting evidence for your answer.
The Bible indicated that man was formed materially from dust and created with a spirit when God
breathed into his nostrils (Gen 2:7). Man is described as being
comprised as two parts: a body and a soul / spirit (Matt 10:28;
1 Cor 2:11; 1 Cor 5:3-5).
Angels were created as spirit beings on the first day of Creation
(Ex 20:11; Job 38:4-7;
In contrast to the spirit of human beings and angels,
John 14:16 clearly indicates that the Holy Spirit is
distinguishable from God and Jesus, referred to with a personal pronoun and is a distinct personality with
2. Does the Holy Spirit have any physical attributes? Is It a person, a thing or power of God? What biblical
evidence supports your observation?
In light of biblical verses such as John 4:23-34
and 1 Timothy 1:17, the Holy Spirit does not have a physical shape
In several instances, the Holy Spirit is given the same status as God and Jesus and treated as
a personal being (Matt 28:19;
1 Cor 12:4-6; 2 Cor 13:14;
Eph 4:4-6; 1 Pet 1:2).
According to the rules of grammar, the gender of the pronoun should match the gender of the
noun. However Jesus uses both masculine and neuter pronouns when referencing the gender neutral noun “Holy Spirit"
But the Helper (paraklētos, masculine), the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will
send in My name, He (ekeinos, masculine) will teach you all things, and bring to your remembrance all that
I said to you. (John 14:26)
When the Helper (paraklētos, masculine) comes, whom I will send to you from the
Father, that is the Spirit of truth who proceeds from the Father, He (ekeinos, masculine) will testify
about Me, (John 15:26)
But I tell you the truth, it is to your advantage that I go away; for if I do not go
away, the Helper (paraklētos, masculine) will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him (auton,
masculine) to you. And He (ekeinos, masculine), when He comes, will convict the world concerning sin and
righteousness and judgment; concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; and concerning righteousness,
because I go to the Father and you no longer see Me; and concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world has
been judged. I have many more things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. But when He (ekeinos,
masculine), the Spirit (to pneuma, neuter) of truth, comes, He will guide you into all the truth; for He
will not speak on His own initiative, but whatever He hears, He will speak; and He will disclose to you what is
to come. He (ekeinos, masculine) will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you.
3. Why is the Holy Spirit considered a person? What biblical evidence can you provide?
The Holy Spirit is called a “Helper," “Counselor" or “Comforter" which are terms that describe
a person who helps and comforts another (John 14:16, 26;
The Holy Spirit has an essential quality of a person; He has a mind and intelligence:
He can teach (John 14:26).
He can bear witness (John 15:26;
He can search the depths of God and know God’s thoughts
(1 Cor 2:10-11).
He approves of some activities (Acts 15:28)
and forbids or disallows others (Acts 16:6-7).