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A Person

Author's Bias: Interpretation: conservative

Is the Holy Spirit simply a spirit or essence of God? Or does the Holy Spirit have characteristics of a person?

To be considered a person, the Holy Spirit must have 3 characteristics: 1) intelligence and moral knowledge, 2) emotion, and 3) volitional will.

The Holy Spirit is a Person

The Bible explicitly indicates that the Holy Spirit has moral knowledge and intelligence:

He can teach (John 14:26).

He approves of some activities (Acts 15:28) and forbids or disallows others (Acts 16:6-7).

The Holy Spirit experiences emotions such as being grieved (Isa 63:10; Eph 4:30):

The Holy Spirit demonstrates that He has a will. Not only does the Holy Spirit exhibits the characteristics of a person, He is referred to with personal pronouns. Called a "Helper," "Counselor" or "Comforter," the Bible explicitly describes the Holy Spirit as a person who intentionally helps and comforts Believers (John 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7).

He can intercede and pray for human beings (Rom 8:26-27).

He distributes gifts (1 Cor 12:11).




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