Is the Holy Spirit simply a spirit or essence of God? Or does the Holy Spirit have characteristics of a
To be considered a person, the Holy Spirit must have 3 characteristics: 1) intelligence and
moral knowledge, 2) emotion, and 3) volitional will.
The Bible explicitly indicates that the Holy Spirit has moral knowledge and intelligence:
He can teach (John 14:26).
He approves of some activities (Acts 15:28)
and forbids or disallows others (Acts 16:6-7).
The Holy Spirit demonstrates that He has a will. Not only does the Holy Spirit exhibits the characteristics of
a person, He is referred to with personal pronouns. Called a "Helper," "Counselor" or "Comforter," the Bible
explicitly describes the Holy Spirit as a person who intentionally helps and comforts Believers
(John 14:16, 26;
He can intercede and pray for human beings (Rom 8:26-27).
He distributes gifts (1 Cor 12:11).
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