1. Examine closely Psalm 8:3-8;
Hebrews 2:5-9. What is the role of angels and
humans and what is their status to each other?
It appears that God's kingdom included a heavenly kingdom and an earthly kingdom.
Angels were created to serve Him in the heavenly kingdom
(Rev 4:1-11; 5:11-14)
and human beings were created to serve Him in the earthly kingdom
Angels worship God and are thus lower in status to divine personal beings (triune
nature of God) (Ps. 89:5-7;
Rev 4:1-11; 5:11-14).
Mortal human beings are lower in status to angels. Even our incarnate Lord Jesus Christ
was temporarily, in one specific aspect, lower in status than angels, specifically because He came as a
man and died on the cross; angels are not subject to this limitation for mankind
2. In what ways are angels superior to man? In our contemporary "spiritual" world, what temptation does
this provide? See Psalm 103:20,
2 Peter 2:10-11,
2 Thessalonians 1:7, and
Distinct and higher in order than human beings, angels were created with supernatural
powers beyond mortal mankind. In part, because of this, and prevailing Greek philosophy that believed that
anything physical was evil, churches in Asia Minor began to worship angels. In
Colossians 2:18, Paul admonishes the churches
to not let anyone beguile them!
3. Consider the following verses: Matthew 10:1,
Luke 10:17-20, and
Matthew 17:14-20. How does this reconcile with your
understanding of the hierarchy between mortal human beings and angels?
While mortal human beings are lower in the hierarchy of personal beings than angels,
faithful Christians are given some measure of authority over fallen angels and protection from
their power. However, Jesus cautions the disciples in celebrating this power over fallen angels, and it
is later that the disciples fail in their faith and lose their authority.
4. How do unfallen angels view human beings? Observe
Holy angels see themselves as co-workers with human believers in the service of God.
5. Will this hierarchy change in the future? Examine
1 Corinthians 6:1-4.
In 1 Corinthians 6:1-4, Paul is
commenting on a problem of the Corinthian church: the great number of lawsuits taking place among
Christians, in the court of non-Believers, as a means to resolve personal disputes. In this short
passage, Paul uses the term "do you not know" twice (in 1 Cor 6, he will use the term six times).
It is a term that Paul would use to point to certain truths that would have prevented the problems
of the church; they were truths that the church should have already known. In 1 Corinthians 6:3, Paul
uses the term to point that Christians will judge angels.
The term "judge" has two meanings.
1. One meaning is to condemn to punishment; however, such form of judgment is the
prerogative of God as exemplified in Matthew 25:41
or Revelation 20:10 towards Satan and fallen angels.
2. A second meaning is in reference to rulership.
Matthew 25:21 and
Ephesians 1:18-23 refer to
the future where faithful Christians will be rulers, under Christ, over different parts of God’s future
In this present age, the hierarchy appears as follows:
1. Divine personal beings (Triune God)
2. Angelic spirit personal beings
3. Human personal beings (Christian and non-Christian)
After the return of Christ and the resurrection, the hierarchy changes:
1. Divine personal beings (Triune God)
2. Glorified human personal beings (resurrected Believers)
3. Angelic spirit personal beings
Communicating with angels is fashionable and a fascination in today’s contemporary culture. But why
would anyone want to consider that when the Lord Jesus Christ is available to receive prayers directly?
Consider carefully what Jesus says about the role of angels when it comes to non-Believers at the end
of time in Matthew 13:36-42:
Then He left the crowds and went into the house. And His disciples came to Him and
said, "Explain to us the parable of the tares of the field." And He said, "The one who sows the good
seed is the Son of Man, and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the
kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; and the enemy who sowed them is the devil, and the
harvest is the end of the age; and the reapers are angels. "So just as the tares are gathered up and
burned with fire, so shall it be at the end of the age. "The Son of Man will send forth His angels, and
they will gather out of His kingdom all stumbling blocks, and those who commit lawlessness, and will throw
them into the furnace of fire; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth."
Why settle for an angel when you have access to the Lord?
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