1. The Hebrew word for "angel" is "malak" which means "messenger" and in some instances "ambassador."
In Greek, "angel" is "angelos" which means "messenger" and "envoy". What other descriptive titles are used
for unfallen angels? Take a look at: Genesis 28:12,
2 Corinthians 11:14,
2 Samuel 24:16,
1 Thessalonians 4:16,
2 Chronicles 18:18,
Psalms 29:1, and
2. What other forms do angels come in and what do they do? Study
1 Kings 6:19-35;
Isaiah 6:2-6; and
There are 2 angelic forms that the Bible calls "living creatures": cherubim and seraphim.
Cherubim, as described in Ezekiel, have 4 faces (human, lion, bull, and eagle), 4 wings,
human hands, and hoofed feet. These angels have served as guardians of Eden, flanking God’s throne, and
figuratively described as the chariot of God. Closely associated with God and His presence, God instructed
that images of cherubim be made of gold at the two ends of the mercy seat on top of the Ark during its
construction. And, in the construction of the inner most rooms of Solomon’s Temple, large cherubs (up to
10 cubits in height) were carved and adorned the walls of the Holy of Holies (where the Ark was kept) and
the Holy Place.
The root words for the Hebrew term "cherub" and its plural "cherubim" are uncertain.
Seraphim, as described in Isaiah 6:2-6
and Revelation 4:4-8, have 1 face (human, lion,
calf, or eagle) human hands, and 6 wings. Some have speculated whether seraphim are a special group within
cherubim. Seraphim are significant for unceasingly praising the Lord (holy, holy, holy is the Lord),
hovering about the throne of God, or standing before Him. There is perhaps a suggestion that they serve
the heavenly court.
The Hebrew word "seraphim" is only found twice in the Bible and has a couple possible
etymologies based on the verb or noun form of "saraph". The verb derivation, which means "to burn" or
"to consume with fire", refers to the fire used to purify Isaiah’s lips. The noun derivation refers to
seraphim as a "a fiery and flying serpent."
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