The Bible speaks of sin in an all encompassing manner about human beings.
Imputed Sin: As a consequence of Adam’s sin, God's judgment of death was introduced and
applied to all human beings (Gen 3:19;
Rom 5:12-21). Imputed sin describes man’s legal standing
before God’s judicial process.
Hereditary Sin: By eating the forbidden fruit, Adam and Eve altered human nature so
that their "eyes were opened" and they "hid themselves from the presence of God"
(Gen 3:7-8). Hereditary sin describes the genetic feature of human
nature that is passed down to each generation (Ps 51:1-5;
Eph 2:3; Jer 17:9).
Personal Sin: Governed by one's natural sinful nature, the ungodly desires of one’s heart
is manifest through one's behavior (Deut 24:16;
Ezek 18:20; Rom 7:14-24).
With this understanding, one can perceive the full scope of sin: universal imputation of guilt, natural genetic
aspects of human nature, and personal accountability of one's desires of the heart.