There are a number of works out on the market now that allow those with no background in Hebrew or Greek to
be able to have a basic understanding of those language's most common words. There are 4 types of references
that can help you understand the meaning of the original language: a) Word Studies, b) Grammars and Syntax, c)
Lexicons, and d) Concordances.
Word Studies are references focused on very deep studies of significant words in the Bible; they examine
the origin and morphology of a word. By understanding how the context or use of a word changes over time, you
could understand the different meanings and subtle nuances of a word.
Grammars and Syntax focus primarily on sentence structure and arrangement. What was the verb form? Was
the noun the object, subject of a verb or an object of a preposition or even an appositve? If you have a tough
time in English, you'll need a grammarian for Hebrew or Greek!
Lexicons categorize how words are used in relation to each other and clarify their contextual meaning.
Together with Word Study references, they provide a thorough insight into the meaning of the words found in the
A Concordance is a collection of the most common words found in the Old and New Testaments. An
exhaustive concordance will list every word found in Scripture and all of their occurrences, whereas those that
are in the back of Bibles will not. By using a numbering system, some concordances will identify the actual
Hebrew or Greek word that has been translated into English. For instance, though there are three different Greek
words used in the New Testament for love (each having its own nuance), our English texts translate them all the
same way. A good concordance will show those distinctions. The concordance you choose will have to match up with
the Bible version you study from (most major versions have concordances available).
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