Because Higher Criticism approaches the biblical manuscripts from a more hypothetical perspective, its greatest challenge is
reconciling the role of supernatural events in biblical history.
Based on how critics approach supernatural events, which reveals their presuppositions, higher criticism is divided
into two camps:
Constructive Criticism accepts the possibility of supernatural inspiration of the Bible.
Destructive Criticism takes a human rationalistic approach and views the Bible with a bias against supernatural
Destructive critics tend to use Higher Criticism as a method to speculate and historically reconstruct the Bible as a work of human
fiction. Often based on skeptical assumptions, their conclusions are controversial. In many cases, the controversy is focused on the
subjective method of analysis, or it fails to acknowledge the method's limitations, or in some cases, fails to be academically accountable.
If Higher Criticism is so questionable and controversial, is it necessary to consider these methods as viable means to
study the Bible?
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