Because Higher Criticism approaches the biblical manuscripts from a more hypothetical
perspective, its greatest challenge is reconciling the role of supernatural events in biblical history.
Based on how critics approach supernatural events, which reveals their presuppositions,
higher criticism is divided into two camps:
Constructive Criticism accepts the possibility of supernatural inspiration of the
Destructive Criticism takes a human rationalistic approach and views the Bible with a
bias against supernatural influences.
Destructive critics tend to use Higher Criticism as a method to speculate and historically
reconstruct the Bible as a work of human fiction. Often based on skeptical assumptions, their conclusions are
controversial. In many cases, the controversy is focused on the subjective method of analysis, or it fails to
acknowledge the method’s limitations, or in some cases, fails to be academically accountable.
If Higher Criticism is so questionable and controversial, is it necessary to consider these
methods as viable means to study the Bible?
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