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Defining Inspiration by Hermeneutics

Author's Bias: Interpretation: conservative

The concept of inspiration can be seen from two passages:

2 Peter 1:21

"for no prophecy was ever made by an act of human will, but men moved by the Holy Spirit spoke from God." (2 Pet 1:21)

"moved by" (pheromenoi) – refers to divine origin and causality.

"men" (anthropos) – refers to human agency.

"All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be adequate, equipped for every good work." (2 Tim 3:16-17)

"all" (pasa) – refers to the entire OT canon.

"Scripture" (graphē) – refers to written documents.

"inspired" (theopneustos) – instead of God breathed on every word, it is the very words were breathed out.

"profitable" (ophelimos) – Because it is inspired, Scripture is profitable.



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Definition and Distinctions

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