German criticism of the Pentateuch influenced both British and American academic theologians in the latter part of the nineteenth
century. S. Davidson (1862), C. Briggs of Union Theological Seminary in New York (1883-86), and S. R. Driver of Oxford (1891) published
works that supported and advocated the Documentary Hypothesis.
Driver, from Great Britain, was perhaps the most influential scholar of the time, and his collaborative work, The
Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (1906), is a reference still used today.
In contrast to their German counterparts, British and North American critics believed in the inspiration of the Bible.