Author's Bias | Interpretation: conservative

Print Study

British and American Critics

Later development of Higher Criticism

German criticism of the Pentateuch influenced both British and American academic theologians in the latter part of the nineteenth century. S. Davidson (1862), C. Briggs of Union Theological Seminary in New York (1883-86), and S. R. Driver of Oxford (1891) published works that supported and advocated the Documentary Hypothesis.

Driver, from Great Britain, was perhaps the most influential scholar of the time, and his collaborative work, The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (1906), is a reference still used today.

In contrast to their German counterparts, British and North American critics believed in the inspiration of the Bible.

However, their work in the Documentary Hypothesis demonstrated that they did not hold entirely to the idea that It was a direct revelation from God.

Series: Did Moses author the Pentateuch?
JEDP Methodology

Series: Did Moses author the Pentateuch?
History of the Critics: Graf-Wellhausen

Copyright © 2006 All rights to this material are reserved. We encourage you to print the material for personal and non-profit use or link to this site. If you find this article to be a blessing, please share the link so that it may rise in search engine rankings.