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Objective or Subjective

Author's Bias: Interpretation: conservative

When studying the origin of ethics, there are three approaches to this question:

1. Like mathematics, ethics originated from the abstract world where concepts are materially not tangible but whose laws are timeless, never changing, and universal.

How did ethics come to be?

Ethics arising as mysterious transcendental moral facts, in this instance, are objective and independent of man.

2. As exemplified by the Genesis story, ethics originated from a god who willed moral values into existence.

Humans become aware of them through moral intuition and scriptural commands.

Ethics arising from a mysterious power from which transcendental moral facts were created, in this instance, are objective and independent of man.

3. Based on social approval of each culture, ethics was determined by man using human logic and reason.

Ethics arising from culture, in this instance, are subjective to man and are not objective.



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