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Conclusion

Author's Bias: Interpretation: conservative

While scholars who believe in inerrancy debate which view is correct, they unanimously affirm that Moses was author of the Pentateuch although it may have had some additions and revisions by later scribal editors.

The fact that there are attempts to distinguish between inspired from non-inspired scribal activity reflects the divine nature of this human book the Bible.

As testimony of the Pentateuch’s authority, consider the Septuagint, which was the Old Testament manuscript available during Jesus’ time. Despite its errors, which were considered human mistakes, the Septuagint never lost its authority as it was quoted in the New Testament. And it is worthwhile to note that the New Testament refers to most of the controversial passages of the Pentateuch.

1. Creation of the universe (Genesis 1) John 1:3; Colossians 1:16
2. Creation of Adam and Eve (Genesis 1 - 2) 1 Timothy 2:13-14
3. Marriage of Adam and Eve (Genesis 1 - 2) 1 Timothy 2:13
4. Temptation of the woman (Genesis 3) 1 Timothy 2:14
5. Disobedience and sin of Adam (Genesis 3) Romans 5:12; 1 Corinthians 15:22
6. Sacrifices of Abel and Cain (Genesis 4) Hebrews 11:4
7. Murder of Abel by Cain (Genesis 4) 1 John 3:12; Luke 11:51
8. Birth of Seth (Genesis 4) Luke 3:38
9. The taking of Enoch (Genesis 5) Hebrews 11:5
10. Marriage before the Flood (Genesis 7) Luke 17:27
11. The Flood and destruction of man (Genesis 7) Matthew 24:37-39
12. Preservation of Noah and his family (Genesis 8 - 9) 2 Peter 2:5
13. Genealogy of Shem (Genesis 10) Luke 3:35-36
14. Birth of Abraham (Genesis 11) Luke 3:34
15. Call of Abraham (Genesis 12 - 13) Hebrews 11:8
16. Tithes to Melchizedek (Genesis 14) Hebrews 7:1-3
17. Justification of Abraham (Genesis 15) Romans 4:3
18. Ishmael (Genesis 16) Galatians 4:21-24
19. Lot and Sodom (Genesis 18 - 19) Luke 17:28-32
20. Birth of Isaac (Genesis 21) Hebrews 11:11
21. Promise of Isaac (Genesis 22) Hebrews 11:18
22. Offering of Isaac (Genesis 22) Hebrews 11:17
23. Trial and honor of Joseph (Genesis 37, 38, 39, 40, 41) Acts 7:9-10
24. The burning bush (Exodus 3:6) Luke 20:37
25. Exodus through the Red Sea (Exodus 14:22) 1 Corinthians 10:1-2
26. Provision of water and manna (Exodus 16:4; 17:6) John 6:31, 49-51; 1 Corinthians 10:3-5
27. Lifting up serpent in wilderness (Numbers 21:9) John 3:14

References:

1. Geisler NL, Nix WE. A General Introduction to the Bible, Chicago: Moody Press, 1986.



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Series: Did Moses author the Pentateuch?
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