Substitution is one aspect of atonement.
Here Jesus took the place of human beings and sacrificed His life to pay the penalty for
the sins of mankind.
Jesus' substitutionary death accomplished two purposes:
For God, the judicial price for sin was paid in full.
Standing in place of human beings, Jesus represented mankind and bore the total penalty of
For man, Jesus' substitutionary death cleansed us of our sins and removed the cause of God's wrath.
Jesus' sacrifice was individually for each one of us!
This idea of substitution was based on God's prescribed method for restoring a relationship with Him that
was broken by intentional or unintentional sin. This symbolism of conferring sin on to the substitute finds its
basis in the Day of Atonement.
For deeper study:
Substitution... the basis of atonement
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