The basis for atonement is found in the crucifixion of Jesus where he suffered physical, spiritual and mental agony by this Roman
form of execution.
The phrase "Passion of Christ" was coined to describe this suffering, and it originated from the King James translation of Acts 1:3 –
"To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and
speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God."
However, to understand the concept of atonement, one needs to understand what the crucifixion did. Jesus alludes to this in His last
words, "It is finished."
He was making a reference to something He accomplished with His death.
And the Greek verb for "finished" was in the perfect tense, indicative mood and passive voice which meant that Jesus
was referring to an ongoing work accomplished by His death.
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