"Propitiation" and "expiation" are two vitally important functions that are accomplished by Jesus' substitutionary sacrifice. These
terms are translated from the Greek nouns "hilastērion" and "hilasmos."
Expiation is directed towards God. It means "to make amends" or "to atone for", and it implies the removal or
cleansing of sin. It can also be seen as "the removal of the reasons for punishment".
Propitiation is directed towards man. It means "to make favorable", and it refers to averting God's wrath against
sinners. It is the act that appeased the total and full wrath of God's judgment for the sins of human beings.
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