In the New Testament, Jesus introduces the idea that His redemption involves a ransom (Matt 20:28;
Mark 10:45); a price is paid for one's freedom. These examples illustrate this idea:
just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom (Greek:
lutron) for many. (Matt 20:28; Mark 10:45)
But false prophets also arose among the people, just as there will also be false teachers among you, who will
secretly introduce destructive heresies, even denying the Master who bought (Greek: agorazō) them, bringing swift destruction upon
themselves. (2 Pet 2:1)
And they sang a new song, saying, “Worthy are You to take the book and to break its seals; for You were slain,
and purchased (Greek: agorazō) for God with Your blood men from every tribe and tongue and people and nation.
This payment required to release a human being from punishment or slavery can find its basis in the Old Testament.
1. Ransom of the Firstborn
During the Exodus, God instructs the nation of Israel to consecrate their firstborn sons and animals when they enter
the Promised Land (Ex 13:1-16; Num 18:15-17).
These firstborns were obligated to God, because they, having marked their doorposts with the blood of a lamb, were protected from Egypt's
Thereafter, God placed a special claim on the Hebrews' first born male son. Presented as God's property to the temple
when one month old, the first born son was redeemed by the father who paid the priest a redemption price
(Num 18:15-16). This ransom served as a reminder of deliverance from Egyptian bondage.
2. Atonement Money
Taking a census for purposes of taxation or preparation for war is a punishable offense by God. When it occurs, each
person counted had to be covered or atoned for with atonement money (Ex 30:11-16;
38:26; Num 3:47;
Consistent with principles of "ransom of the firstborn" and "atonement money", the crucifixion of Jesus Christ paid the redemption
price to God for the forfeited lives of humanity. Because this ransom involves paid a payment directly to God to meet a legal requirement,
this aspect of redemption is understood in the objective sense, which allows the offer of salvation to be available for all.
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