"Propitiation" and "expiation" are two vitally important functions that are accomplished by Jesus' substitutionary
sacrifice. These terms are translated from the Greek nouns "hilastērion" and "hilasmos."
Expiation is directed towards God. It means "to make amends" or "to atone for", and it implies
the removal or cleansing of sin. It can also be seen as "the removal of the reasons for punishment".
Propitiation is directed towards man. It means "to make favorable", and it refers to averting
God’s wrath against sinners. It is the act that appeased the total and full wrath of God’s judgment for the sins
of human beings.
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